1 April 1933
Letter banning Ernst Rosenthal from work
It is unlikely that Dr. Rosenthal anticipated the ban. Although a nationwide boycott of Jewish stores, doctor’s practices, law firms and notary offices had been announced throughout Germany on 30 March, there had been no mention of work performed by Jewish doctors in hospitals.
Ernst Rosenthal was born in the Westphalian town of Rietberg in 1898 and received his license to practice medicine in Munich in 1925. In 1928 he took over the practice of a deceased ophthalmologist in Chemnitz and began treating patients in Königstrasse in the center of town. His office hours were weekdays from 9:30 am to 1 pm and 3:30 pm to 6:00 pm, and Saturdays from 10:30 am to 2 pm. He also worked at the Zimmermann Sanatorium but treated only private patients there.
The chief physician had evidently been put under pressure by the Defense Committee of the NSDAP to ban Dr. Rosenthal from entering the clinic. Whether the boycott also affected Dr. Rosenthal’s practice, we do not know. The ban applied only to 1 April, but it marked the start of a long period of discrimination and persecution.
of the Zimmermann Foundation
Chemnitz, 1 April 1933.
Dr. med. Rosenthal
Königstr. 22. II.
As chief physician of the Sanatorium of the Zimmermann Foundation, I would like to inform you of the following:
Dr. Ecke visited me this morning with an authorization from the Defense Committee.
You are banned for the day from entering the sanatorium and the clinic and performing your medical duties in the building.
I leave it to your own discretion whether you wish to consult with Dr. Ecke on the treatment of your patients.
From tomorrow you are free once again to treat patients in the building.
Dr. Wittkugel (signature)