25 April 1933
“Writ of protection” issued by SA squad leader Wagner to Heinrich Katz
The “writ of protection”—consisting of the simple sentence “From noon today all actions are prohibited”—was written on the back of a subscription form for the Nazi newspaper Hessenhammer. It was signed and stamped by the squad leader of the SA assault unit “III/115 Wagner.” The group’s office was located next to the shoe store, which Heinrich Katz had taken over from his stepfather, Israel Rubin, in 1932.
When sales dropped by 50 percent in 1934, Katz was forced to close his business. In August 1935 he emigrated to the British Mandate of Palestine together with his wife. There he first worked as an employee in the shoe industry before opening his own shop in Tel Aviv in 1948.
In the 1950s Katz told the lawyer representing him in a restitution case about the money he had paid to the SA. However, he asked his lawyer “not to mention this incident”—probably because he was afraid the German authorities would not believe him.
Darmstadt, 25 April 1933
From noon today all actions are prohibited.
Assault Unit III/115