28 April 1933
Letter of dismissal sent by the Workers’ Sickness Association to Gertha Kroto
Within the scope of these measures, the thirty-nine-year-old dentist Gertha Kroto (1893–1972) received notification on 28 April that, effective 31 May 1933, she was being “provisionally” dismissed from her position at the Dental Institute of the Workers’ Sickness Association in Berlin after four years of employment. The registered letter mentions the possibility of renewed employment but, as was foreseeable, no new job materialized, and at the end of May, Kroto received a letter of reference certifying her outstanding “work and skills in all areas of dentistry.”
The dismissal was just the first of several blows suffered by the dentist, who had received her medical license in 1924 and was one of the few women in this male-dominated profession. A few weeks later, on 30 June, the authorities revoked the license authorizing her to bill her services to the statutory health insurance system, which meant she could no longer treat patients insured under this scheme at her practice at Residenzstrasse 125 in the Reinickendorf district of Berlin. Gertha Kroto was only able to keep her family afloat by treating private patients, most of them Jewish—a source of income that became all the more important after her husband lost his job as an engineer at AEG in 1936/37.
Workers’ Sickness Association
C 25, Alexanderstrasse 33, now 19.
Berlin , 28 April 1933.
Dr: Gertha Kroto
By order of the dentist Dr. Grothe, serving as the authorized representative of undersecretary Dr. Conti of the Prussian Interior Ministry, we hereby provisionally dismiss you from your position as assistant dentist at the clinic at Müllerstrasse 4, effective 31 May 1933.
If, on the basis of the expected legal regulations, there are no obstacles to your continued employment, we will return to this matter in the future.
The Board of the Workers’ Sickness Association