16 May 1933
Public deportation of Ludwig Marum and six other Social Democrats to the Kislau concentration camp
Born in Frankenthal in 1882, Ludwig Marum was a lawyer who joined the Social Democratic Party (SPD) in 1904. In 1911 he was elected to the Karlsruhe city council. Three years later he became member of the Baden regional parliament and in November 1918 was appointed Justice Minister in “preliminary government” of the new Republic of Baden. From 1919 until 1928 he was leader of the SPD faction in the Baden parliament, before being elected to the Reichstag.
On 10 May 1933 Ludwig Marum, an implacable opponent of the National Socialists, was arrested in Karlsruhe in spite of his immunity as a member of parliament and locked in the police jail in Riefstahlstrasse. Two months later the National Socialists organized his very public transfer to the Kislau concentration camp. The Social Democrats who joined him on the truck were all eventually released. However, Ludwig Marum never returned from the camp. He was murdered in Kislau on 29 March 1934. His funeral in Karlsruhe five days later was attended by more than 3,000 people.