5 August 1933
Letter banning Grete Miriam Levy from attending school
The ban was announced in a form letter sent by the school administration to the parents of all the students affected by the law. The bureaucratic tone obscures the significance of the measure for the children and young adults who were now forced to transfer to Jewish schools or to give up their education altogether.
As only little information is available on the family’s history, we do not know what steps Paula Dölle took on her daughter’s behalf in response to Grete’s racially motivated expulsion from school. What we do know is that Grete Levy immigrated to the United States—she was naturalized as a US citizen in 1946. In her new home she changed her name to Miriam Sesi Lewis. In 1992 her brother Abraham Levy donated this adhesive-taped letter from the Rückert School to the Jewish Museum Berlin.
Upper Girls’ School
5 August 1933
Tel. no. 121
Paula Dölle (widowed: Levy)
Schöneberg, Berlin, Hewaldstr. 10
The ministerial decree adopted on 13 July of this year (VII G No. 1646) and the directive issued by the governor on 28 July require me to ban your daughter, admitted at Easter this year, from further attendance at school, effective 30 June of this year. The exclusion is necessitated by the fact that the number of non-Aryan Germans currently attending the school exceeds 5 percent of the total number of German students and because the exceptions listed under Section 4, Paragraph 3, of the law (frontline soldiers and mixed marriages) do not apply.
(signed Dr. Kölle)