4 December 1933
Expulsion of Fritz Dispeker from the German Bar Association
The German Bar Association was among the numerous “ideologically aligned” organizations and associations that in 1933 adopted rules explicitly excluding Jews from their ranks. In a registered letter dated 4 December 1933, the bar association, citing the new charter it had adopted on 30 September, expelled the lawyer Fritz Dispeker (1895–1986) with immediate effect. The letter explained that “only lawyers of German (Aryan) blood” were permitted to be and remain members of the association. For Fritz Dispeker, who ran an office in Munich together with his father, Siegfried, this news constituted a further humiliation and a dire threat to his livelihood.
In April 1933 the Nazis issued the Law on Admission to the Bar, which forced all Jewish lawyers to reapply for their work permits. Only those who had received their licenses before 1914 or had fought on the front during the First World War were permitted to continue practicing law.
This exemption applied to Fritz Dispeker, who was a veteran, meaning he was able to continue working in his profession. However, his client base declined rapidly in 1933 and by 1936 he was forced to close his practice.
In 1938 Fritz Dispeker managed to immigrate to Great Britain, where he worked as a secretary for an electrical company until his retirement. He never practiced law again.
The German Bar Association
in the League of National Socialist German Lawyers
Berlin W 62 – DAV Building – Maassenstrasse 5
4 December 1933
Dr. Fritz Dispeker, Lawyer
According to charter of the former German Bar Association—now the Professional Group of Lawyers in the League of National Socialist German Lawyers [BNSDJ]—adopted on 30 September by a vote of approximately four thousand to two at the 25th German Lawyers’ Congress, only lawyers of German (Aryan) blood are permitted to be and remain members of this association. Section 5 of this charter, which has since been recorded in the register of associations, directs that the association’s previous members who do not fulfill the aforementioned criterion be expelled without notice.
Pursuant to section 7 of the new bylaws, I have, as head of the Professional Group of Lawyers, been appointed chairman of the association’s board by Reich Justice Commissioner Dr. Frank, leader of the BNSDJ. I have also been charged by the previous president of the German Bar Association with his sole legal representation. In these capacities I hereby terminate your membership with immediate effect, though subject to the provision that you continue to receive Juristische Wochenzeitung [Law Weekly] until the end of 1933.
The Board of the Professional Group of Lawyers in the
League of National Socialist German Lawyers (German Bar Association)
Head of the Reich Professional Group