23 March to 15 July 2012 Jewish Migrants from Eastern Europe in the 1920s
- Mommsenstr. in 2012 © Jewish Museum Berlin, photo: Gelia Eisert
- Koigen family
- David Koigen’s naturalization document from 1927 © private collection of Mira Zakai, Israel—Helene und David Koigen’s granddaughter
- Escape route taken by the Koigen family © chezweitz and partner
Civil War and Pogroms:
World War I and the Russian Revolution of 1917 dramatically changed the political map of Europe. When the great multiethnic empires collapsed, Jews got caught between the fronts of the new nation-states. As a minority, they were often suspected of espionage.
During the Russian Civil War, the warring parties carried out around 1,500 pogroms at 1,300 sites on the territory of the present-day Ukraine. Hundreds of thousands of Jews were killed and half a million lost their homeland. They fled the cities and villages of both the Russian Empire and the Habsburg Monarchy, taking circuitous routes to Berlin.
- David Koigen: Apocalyptic Horsemen: Notes from Recent Jewish History, 1925 (Erich Reiss Verlag Berlin, cover design by E. Peffer)
- Bowl dedicated to the Grunewald Group, from the private collection of Helene Koigen,
© Professor Mira Zakai, Givataim