Jeu de Paume
The Jeu de Paume museum served as the "Einsatzstab’s" storage facility for its organized art looting activities. The works of modern artists considered "degenerate" were closely packed together in the rear section by the "Einsatzstab." These paintings were sold, exchanged for works that the Nazi leadership had more interest in acquiring, or were destroyed.
In 29 shipments between March 1941 and summer 1944, the "Einsatzstab" brought to Germany nearly 22,000 works of art, confiscated from 200 Jewish collections in France. They were divided up among six storage facilities, of which the largest was located in Neuschwanstein Castle.
Jewish Cultural Reconstruction (JCR)
Even before the end of the war, Jewish intellectuals and lawyers in the United States were planning the reconstruction of Jewish cultural life. This led to the founding of Jewish Cultural Reconstruction, Inc. (JCR) in 1947. The Jewish Restitution Successor Organization (JRSO) was founded as the legal successor for heirless Jewish assets.
Beginning in 1949, the JCR functioned as the agent of the JRSO for cultural assets. It searched out art and other heirless cultural as¬sets and arranged for them to go to Jewish organizations, particularly in the United States and Israel.
Jewish Restitution Successor Organization (JRSO)
The Jewish Restitution Successor Organization (JRSO) was founded as the legal successor for heirless Jewish assets and was authorized by the American Military Government in 1948. Similar organizations existed in the other western zones of occupation.