1933: Denial, Opposition, and Protest

Unknown Reactions of German Jews to Nazi Persecution (audio recording available, in German)

From 1933, the German Jews saw themselves exposed to both central and local persecutions. Individuals quickly developed their own reactions to the often dissonant politics. While tens of thousands emigrated and others hoped for a change, more than just a few resisted as shown by sources – up to now unheeded – from Berlin, Hamburg, Frankfurt, and Leipzig.

The talk by Wolf Gruner, professor of history at the University of Southern California, describes for the first time how many Jews did not follow official orders and some even protested publicly against the persecution.

Recording available

Map with all buildings that belong to the Jewish Museum Berlin. The Old Building is marked in green


Old Building, level 2, Great Hall
Lindenstraße 9–14, 10969 Berlin

This event is part of the theme year Destroyed Diversity.

In cooperation with the Center for Research on Anti-Semitism.

Architecture of the Liebeskind building: view from the inside.

Audio recording of the talk by Wolf Gruner, in German; Jewish Museum Berlin 2013

Where, when, what?

  • When8 Aug 2013
  • Where Altbau 2. OG, Großer Saal
    Lindenstraße 9–14, 10969 Berlin
    See location on map

Audio Recordings: Listen to Past Museum Events (64)

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