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Our Museum’s History, Part Four

Since the Museum Opened in 2001 until the Present Day

The Jewish Museum Berlin has since established itself as a distinctive institution in the landscape of German museums. With its exhibitions, publications, educational work, and diverse events calendar, it is a lively forum for discussion about and contemplation of Jewish history and culture and, more broadly, migration and social diversity in Germany. It is a museum for everyone: young and old, Jewish and non-Jewish, and those from Germany and other countries.

  1. Financing the Museum’s Work
  2. A Focus on Visitors
  3. Our Permanent Exhibition
  4. Rafael Roth Learning Center
  5. Temporary Exhibitions
  6. Educational Work and Cultural Events
  7. Our Academy
  8. A New Museum Director

Financing the Museum’s Work

As a foundation under public law, our museum receives annual funding from the Federal Republic of Germany; the remaining funds are raised through donations and ticket sales. Since 2002, the Prize for Understanding and Tolerance has been presented at the annual anniversary dinner with friends and patrons of the museum. The fundraising proceeds benefit the museum’s educational work for children and young people.

A Focus on Visitors

Around 700,000 people per year – or roughly 2,000 a day – have visited the Jewish Museum Berlin since its opening in 2001. On 19 November 2015, we welcomed our ten-millionth visitor.

The museum aligns itself to its visitors’ interests, which are researched in a department dedicated to this purpose. Friendly and competent members of staff are present in all public areas of the museum.

Our Permanent Exhibition

From 2001 to 2017, the permanent historical exhibition lead you on a journey of discovery through two millennia of German-Jewish history across 3,000 square meters (32,000 square feet) of exhibition space. In fourteen periods from the Middle Ages to the present, the exhibition painted a picture of Jewish life. Objects from material culture, artworks, photographs, letters, interactive elements, and media stations portrayed Jewish culture in Germany and demonstrated how tightly intertwined Jewish life is with the history of Germany. The new core exhibition is scheduled to open in 2020 (more on the new core exhibition).

Rafael Roth Learning Center

Up until 2 April 2017, our Rafael Roth Learning Center offered diverse media applications that complemented the museum’s exhibitions. At computer workstations both large and small, individuals and groups could view a wide range of multimedia content connected to the museum’s main themes. Documents, objects, films, sound recordings, and interactive games illustrated the rich and constantly shifting history of Jews in Germany.

Photo, left to right: W. Michael Blumenthal, Monika Grütters, Paula Konga, Peter Schäfer

Founding Director W. Michael Blumenthal, Federal Government Commissioner for Culture and the Media Monika Grütters and Museum Director Peter Schäfer (left to right) greet the ten-millionth visitor, Paula Konga (with bouquet), 19 Nov 2015; Jewish Museum Berlin; photo: Svea Pietschmann

Interior view of the Rafael Roth Learning Center in the basement of the Jewish Museum Berlin. Several people are looking at screens.

This is what the Learning Center supported by Rafael Roth looked like (more about the generous supporter on our blog); Jewish Museum Berlin, photo: Thomas Bruns.

Temporary Exhibitions

Our permanent exhibition on cultural history is complemented by temporary exhibitions. These last six months to a year and span a wide range of topics from history and society to contemporary art, photography, literature, and comics. There are also smaller exhibitions, with objects from our collection, across three exhibition spaces.

Educational Work and Cultural Events

The museum has a special focus on educational work. The extensive instructional programs, the research possibilities in our Library and Archives, and the varied events calendar are aimed at children, young people, and adults. Besides our regular guided tours and workshops, we also host talks, concerts, and readings. Each year, we organize a cultural summer program. From 2007 to 2018, our educational initiative “on.tour – The JMB Tours Schools” visited schools in all of Germany’s states with a tour bus and a mobile exhibition. Since 2019, we have been on the road with a variety of workshops themed around the new Jewish Places website and are currently developing new formats to accompany the new core exhibition (more on our outreach programs). We also design teaching materials for schools.

In November 2012, a database of selected museum holdings (in German) went online:

Sculpture of Superman smashing into the ground headfirst from vertical flight

Marcus Wittmers, Even Heroes Have Bad Days, 2005; Jewish Museum Berlin; photo: Jens Ziehe

Our Academy

That same month, in November 2012, a new building by Daniel Libeskind was opened: the Academy of the Jewish Museum Berlin. Following Libeskind’s “In-Between Spaces” design, the Academy is integrated into the former wholesale flower market across the street from the museum; the building’s alterations were financed by a generous donation from Eric F. Ross.

Aerial photo of the Academy in the former wholesale flower market

The Academy of the Jewish Museum Berlin (aerial view, July 2013); Jewish Museum Berlin; photo: Jens Ziehe

Across 6,000 square meters (65,000 square feet) of floor space, the building houses our Archive, our Library, the Education Department, and the events for our Academy programs, which consist of the Jewish-Islamic Forum and a thematic focus on migration and diversity. Since 2013, our Academy programs have been devoted not only to the history and culture of German Jewry, but also the mutual relationships among religious and ethnic minorities. We have placed a renewed emphasis on the political, social, and cultural conditions necessary to guarantee the participation of minorities in society.

The Jewish Museum Berlin’s own fellowship program is increasing our museum’s visibility as a research institution. In late 2014, Dr. Karen Körber completed the first fellowship project, titled Everyday Realities: Contemporary Jewish Life in Germany, focussing on second-generation Russian-speaking Jewish immigrants in Germany. On the occasion of W. Michael Blumenthal’s ninetieth birthday, a fellowship in his name was launched as part of the Jewish-Islamic Forum. Our first W. Michael Blumenthal Fellow, who held the position from November 2016 to October 2018, was Walid Abd El Gawad with his post-doc project "To Know One Religion Is to Know None:" Reflections on Islam and Judaism in the Writings of German-Speaking Jewish Orientalists (1833–1955), which is shedding light on new aspects of the history of Jewish–Muslim relations in the modern age. From January 2017 to May 2018, our second W. Michael Blumenthal Fellow was the education scholar Dr. Rosa Fava. Her post-doc project, titled Didactics of the Middle East Conflict, investigated teaching and learning concepts and materials about the Middle Eastern conflict in education outside the school system. Her emphasis was on continuing training courses for teachers and other multipliers.

Planning sketch of the building

Daniel Libeskind’s design for the Academy of the Jewish Museum Berlin; Daniel Libeskind

Changes in the Museum’s Management

W. Michael Blumenthal, who was instrumental in creating and advancing the museum, stepped down as Director in September 2014. The internationally acclaimed Jewish studies scholar Peter Schäfer was appointed the new Director and held the post until summer 2019. In 2015, the Jewish Museum Berlin presented its Founding Director with the Prize for Understanding and Tolerance. In January 2016, it renamed the Academy the W. Michael Blumenthal Academy in his honor.

Here is a recording of W. Michael Blumenthal’s acceptance speech (in German) for his 2015 Prize for Understanding and Tolerance. He talks about his history with the Jewish Museum Berlin, but also about current politics and the museum’s new projects. His enjoyment of the honor was overshadowed by the terrorist attack in Paris that occurred the day before the acceptance speech.

From 1 February 2017 to 31 January 2019, Léontine Meijer-van Mensch was the new Program Director and Deputy Director of the Jewish Museum Berlin. She succeeded Cilly Kugelmann, who had been involved in the museum in that same dual role from September 2002 to March 2017.

The curator and museum manager Hetty Berg has directed the museum since 1 April 2020.

Portrait of Hetty Berg inside the Libeskind building

Hetty Berg, 2019; Jewish Museum Berlin; photo: Yves Sucksdorff

Citation recommendation:

Jewish Museum Berlin (2020), Our Museum’s History, Part Four . Since the Museum Opened in 2001 until the Present Day.

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History of the Museum: Ideas, Debates, Decisions, Inauguration (5)

Ideas, Debates, Decisions, Inauguration

Here is the four-part history of our origins and an accompanying timeline – from the forced closure of the first Jewish Museum in Berlin in 1938, and the original museum’s inspirational influence on our collecting principles, until the present day.

How We Came to Be

West Berlin, 1971: the idea emerged for a Jewish Museum to be connected to the Berlin Museum. Finally, in 1992, the cornerstone was laid for the building dedicated to this purpose and designed by Daniel Libeskind.

History of the Museum

Controversies and Contradictions

In the 1990s, the conflicts between advocates of an independent Jewish museum in Berlin and those who saw it as part of the Berlin Museum continually intensified.

History of the Museum

Political Decisions

The appointment of W. Michael Blumenthal as Museum Director and the transfer of the seat of government to Berlin eventually led to an independent Jewish Museum Berlin, which opened on 13 September 2001.

History of the Museum

Since the Museum Opened

With its exhibitions, publications, educational work, and diverse events calendar, our museum developed into a lively forum for reflecting on Jewish history and culture and, more broadly, on migration and social diversity in Germany.

History of the Museum
2001 until the present day


An overview in dates:
From the opening of the first Jewish Museum in Berlin in 1933 to the opening of our largest themed exhibition to date, Welcome to Jerusalem, and the planning of a new permanent exhibition.

History of the Museum