Skip to main content

The Jewish Museum Berlin, its library, its archive, the museum shop, and café will remain closed due to coronavirus restrictions.

The Jerusalem cityscape; by  Berthold Werner (Own work) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Welcome to Jerusalem

Our Major Themed Exhibition

Synagogues, churches, and mosques shape our image of Jerusalem. The “Holy City” is an important center of faith for Jews, Christians, and Muslims from all over the world. Simultaneously, Jerusalem is home to extraordinary political tensions, claimed as the capital city by both Israelis and Palestinians.

Past exhibition

Map with all buildings that belong to the Jewish Museum Berlin. The Old Building is marked in green


Old Building, level 1
Lindenstraße 9–14, 10969 Berlin

From the age of the second temple to the Roman conquest, from Ottoman rule and the British mandate until the present day, the exhibition Welcome to Jerusalem investigated the history of a city where daily life, religion, and politics are inextricably interwoven. It included precious objects and models that were on display for the first time in Berlin. They were complemented by media installations developed especially for the exhibition.

Works by Harun Farocki, Nira Pereg, Yael Bartana, Mona Hatoum, Gustav Metzger, Fazal Sheikh and other international artists responded to historical events and political standpoints. Interviews from the documentary 24h Jerusalem introduced visitors to a city that is remarkable and vibrant in every respect.

The Exhibition’s Themes – a Selection

Here’s an overview of selected themes of the exhibition:

The Holy City

Each of the three monotheistic religions built monumental structures in Jerusalem that are revered as holy sites.

In the Jewish tradition, the primal events of the Bible - such as the covenant that God made with Abraham and his descendants - are thought to have occurred on the hill where the Temple would later stand. The Temple Mount is thus a site of God's eternal presence, a place where history will end and creation will be perfected.
Christians venerate the place of Christ's crucifixion and resurrection, now covered by the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, known to Orthodox Christians as the Church of the Resurrection.

The holy Muslim buildings are the Dome of the Rock, Islam's oldest shrine, and the Al-Aqsa Mosque, its third most important house of prayer. Together, these form the precinct of Haram esh-Sharif, or "Noble Sanctuary," which many Muslims regard as a single sacred unity.


Jerusalem has been a major arena of the Middle East conflict for almost a century. Irreconcilable claims of Jews and Arabs to have their own state in Palestine led increasingly to conflicts between the two groups.

In 1947 the United Nations suggested partitioning the country, but this was not recognized by the Arab countries. During the subsequent war roughly half of the Palestinian population either fled or was driven out of the country. On May 14, 1948, Israel declared its independence and Jerusalem was divided up between Israel and Jordan.

In 1967, Israel took over also the eastern part of the city. Jerusalem then had a unified administration, but the Palestinian residents were not recognized as Israeli citizens, receiving only a residence permit for the city. Hopes for an end to the conflict have thus far been unsuccessful. The issue of Jerusalem's political future was one of the main issues involved in the failure of the peace process of the 1990s.

Pious Protests: Religious Perspectives on Jerusalem

Jerusalem is a city where frictions arise not only between different religions, but also between different, often contradictory, interpretations within these religions. The exhibition examined three Jewish groups as examples: the ultra-Orthodox Jews who reject certain aspects of the modern state of Israel as sacrilegious, the Women of the Wall, who want to establish a practice of egalitarian prayer at the Wailing Wall, and, finally, the Temple movements, some of which aim to build a third Jewish Temple on the Temple Mount. Their different demands and expectations have led to minor and major conflicts with other groups, denominations, and the Israeli state.

Artist's Works

The exhibition expanded its view of Jerusalem with works of contemporary artists.

This theme has been dealt with by artists of various backgrounds and spanning several generations. The earliest works date from the late 1990s, a time influenced by the Oslo Accords.

During this period, Mona Hatoum created Present Tense for a gallery in Jerusalem, in which she takes up the re-mapping of Palestine. Only a short time later, Gustav Metzger, founder of auto-destructive art, created Jerusalem, Jerusalem, a challenge to perceive historical events in a nuanced manner. The five portraits and landscapes in the Memory Trace series by Fazal Sheikh created a memory landscape of Jerusalem's periphery that has great suggestive force. The Vest of Prayers created by Andi LaVine Arnovitz was recently made, especially for the exhibition. Rounding out this section is Wolfgang Strassl's photo series on the settlement landscape around Jerusalem.

Daily Life in Jerusalem

Nowhere else in the world does the density of houses of worship seem greater, nor the division of the population deeper. Although Jerusalem has had a unified administration since 1967, Jewish Israelis and Arab Palestinians live largely separate, either in the western or eastern part of the city. Almost half of the city's inhabitants have an income below the poverty level, including many Palestinians and ultra-orthodox Jews. But Jerusalem is much more than just conflict.

24h Jerusalem

The real-time documentary 24h Jerusalem, by Volker Heise and Thomas Kufus, explores the everyday life of ninety Jerusalem residents who were filmed over the course of a single day. With the help of seventy camera teams, Israeli and Palestinian filmmakers, as well as documentary and feature film directors from Germany, an extensive work emerged that impressively reflects the city's diverse social fabric.

In order to capture the wide variety of moods, director Volker Heise let Palestinians and Israelis talk without commenting or offering judgments on the footage. The result is a kaleidoscope of biographical insights.

Jerusalem in Berlin

Jerusalem makes its presence felt in Berlin as well. The names of many Berlin churches allude to Jerusalem, whether Golgotha, the Holy Cross, Zion, or Gethsemane. Most of these churches were built in the nineteenth century, when public interest in the Holy Land was growing. The missionary idea was promoted at the highest level and was received enthusiastically in Berlin society. The Lutheran Jerusalem Association, founded in that period, is still active today.

But Jerusalem's roots in Berlin are deeper still. The history of the Jerusalem Church and of the district of Tempelhof ("Temple Court") goes back to the Crusades. There are also more recent references to the holy city: the residential complex New Jerusalem, the Bethany cultural center, the Golgotha beer garden. Academically, close links have been forged between the Free University Berlin and Jerusalem's Hebrew University.

Aside from Christian Jerusalem, the Dome of the Rock and the Al-Aqsa Mosque are constant companions for those Berliners who came here from Palestine. Especially in the Neukölln district, images of these sites adorn wall hangings, key rings, scarves, and posters in stores, cafés, snack bars, and private homes.

Video Works in the Exhibition by Yael Bartana, Nira Pereg and Harun Farocki

Harun Farocki: Transmission

22 February 2019 to 30 April 2019

This work in video from 2007 addresses the ritualized gesture of touching quasi-sacred objects, as encountered at holy sites, memorial sites, places of remembrance, and graves in many cultures. This gesture arises from the conviction that such places radiate a special energy that we can partake of and connect to. Our contact with the objects manifests a deeply emotional experience which the film documents as an expression of the conditio humana. The Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem is among the sites represented in the film.

Nira Pereg: Sabbath 2008

1 May 2018 to 21 February 2019

The film work Sabbath 2008 documents the closing down of the ultra-orthodox neighborhoods in Jerusalem, on the eve of the Sabbath. Temporary metal barriers are put in place by neighborhood residents, with the approval and support of the Jerusalem municipality and the police. Once the barriers are erected, no private or public cars are allowed in, thus create an artificial border between these areas and the rest of the city.
Although the value of these somewhat rickety barriers may appear above all symbolic, their presence is a source of friction and conflict; and seem to delineate a clear-cut boundary between the sacred and the mundane.

Yael Bartana: Inferno

11 December 2017 to 30 April 2018

The starting point of Yael Bartana's installation Inferno (2013) is the construction of the third Temple of Solomon in São Paulo by the Universal Church of the Kingdom of God, a Brazilian Neo-Pentecostal Church. Built to biblical specifications, this new temple is a replica of the First Temple in Jerusalem, the violent destruction of which signaled the diaspora of the Jewish people. Inferno confronts this conflation of place, history, and belief, providing insight into the complex realities of Latin America that have given rise to the temple project. Bartana’s film employs what she refers to as "historical pre enactment," a methodology that commingles fact and fiction, prophesy and history. Using a powerful cinematic language, Inferno collapses histories of antiquity in the Middle East with a surreal present unfolding halfway around the world.

With funding provided by the Federal Government Commissioner for Culture and the Media on the basis of a resolution by the German Bundestag.

Federal Government Commissioner for Culture and the Media (Logo)

With the kind support of LOTTO-Stiftung Berlin.

LOTTO-Stiftung Berlin (Logo)

The program accompanying the exhibition was supported by Siemens AG.

Media partners

 Logos of WALL GmbH, arte, INFOradio, Yorck Cinema Group, zitty, tip Berlin

Exhibition Information at a Glance

  • When

    11 Dec 2017 to 1 May 2019

  • Where

    Old Building, level 1
    Lindenstraße 9-14, 10969 Berlin
    See Location on Map

Share, Newsletter, Feedback

Behind the Scenes: Entries on the Exhibition “Welcome to Jerusalem” (9)

Entries on the Exhibition “Welcome to Jerusalem”

Our exhibition Welcome to Jerusalem was on display from 11 December 2017 to 1 May 2019. To accompany the exhibition, we conducted interviews with our guides and curators, and spoke with visitors. All blog entries about the exhibition can now be found here.

Intense Encounters in “Jerusalem”

How school children react to the tour through the exhibition Welcome to Jerusalem. A conversation with Marc Wrasse

Jerusalem for All the Senses

A tour for the blind and vision impaired through the exhibition Welcome to Jerusalem at the Jewish Museum Berlin. A piece by Gerald Pirner.

Detail of a postcard on which is written "Make hummus not war"

“Whatever you want to see – you come to Jerusalem, and you can find it there.”

Florian Schmelling has captured comments from visitors to our Jerusalem Exhibition.

Two guides and visitors during a tour

How about more tolerance for ambiguity?

Mohamed Ibrahim and Shemi Shabat talk about their tandem guided tour Jerusalem in Dialogue

“We’re no longer guests, we belong.”

Elena Bashkirova, director of the chamber music “festival intonations,” took a tour of the exhibition then spoke with us about the “holy city.”

Neither King David nor Cilly Kugelmann can solve this problem

About the difficulties the organizers of the Welcome to Jerusalem exhibition encountered doing justice to the ideal of justice, writes Walid Abd El Gawad

The Big Clean-Up

Dana Akrish writes about passover in Jerusalem

Mar 2018

“Jerusalem is like a former boyfriend”

Interview with filmmaker Dalia Castel and actress Orit Nahmias about Jerusalem. They both grew up there

Schools in Hannover, a Jerusalem Hotel, and the Search for their Connection

Rosa Fava writes about a conference on anti-Semitism-critical adult education

Events Accompanying the Exhibition: Welcome to Jerusalem (17)

Welcome to Jerusalem

Readings, movies, lectures – events for adults, kids, and families during our exhibition Welcome to Jerusalem

Black and white photography: View of the former Maghreb quarter in front of the Wailing Wall in Jerusalem

The Holiness of Jerusalem as Reflected in its Architecture

25. April 2019
The holiness of Jerusalem is reflected in particular in its impressive sacred buildings. Lectures and ensuing discussion with Florian Lippke (BIBEL+ORIENT Museum Freiburg, Switzerland), Klaus Bieberstein (Otto Friedrich University, Bamberg) and Jürgen Krüger (Karlsruhe Institute of Technology).

Katharina Galor –
The Temple Mount

9 January 2019
Archaeologist Katharina Galor talks about the historical and archaeological heritage of Jerusalem’s most controversial site – the Temple Mount (Har haBait). She presents various research initiatives and highlights the role of religiously or politically motivated agendas in the research process. (with audio recording)

Monday Movies: Du sollst nicht lieben (Eyes Wide Open)

26 November 2018, 7 pm
Feature film debut on homosexuality in a strictly religious environment.
Director: Haim Tabakman
Language: Hebrew with German subtitles

6 pm: Brief tour of the exhibition for visitors to Monday Movies

Monday Movies: Ink of Yam

24 September 2018
While the ink penetrates people’s skin, they tell their stories in the tattoo studio outside the city walls of Jerusalem.
Director: Tom Fröhlich
Language: Englisch, Hebrew, Arabic with German subtitles; Diskussion in German

6 pm: Brief tour of the exhibition for visitors to Monday Movies

Michael Sfard:
The Jerusalem Dispute. The Fight for Human Rights in Israeli Courts

6 September 2018, 7 pm
Lecture by Michael Sfard, one of Israel’s leading human rights lawyers (with video recording)

Film scene: A man and a boy sit next to each other. The man looks at the floor, the boy eats an ice cream.

Monday Movies:
Three Days and a Child

4 June 2018, 7 pm
Directed by: Uri Zohar

6 pm: Brief tour of the exhibition for visitors to Monday Movies

book cover

Tom Segev: David Ben-Gurion

17 May 2018, 7.30 pm
Book Presentation and Discussion with the Author

JMB Logo

Lives in Common: Arabs and Jews in Jerusalem

8 May 2018, 7 pm
Menachem Klein in Conversation with Cilly Kugelmann (with Video Recording)

Film still in black and white: A woman with a lot of jewelry looks into a mirror.

Monday Movies: Berlin-Jerusalem

16 April 2018, 7 pm
Directed by Amos Gitai

A brief tour of the exhibition in German will be held for Monday Movie visitors at 6 pm. Admission with the museum ticket.

The Mazzah Bakery

5 April 2018, 11 am:
Guided tour and baking workshop for children aged 7 to 10 during the Berlin school break

Jerusalem in Conflict

17 March 2018, 11 am
Public tour for adults on the political conflicts in and around the city of Jerusalem (in German)

Rechavia – Grunewald in the Orient

28 February 2018, 7 pm
Reading with Thomas Sparr on German-Jewish Jerusalem (with Audio Recording; in German)

Monday Movie:
Jerusalem for Cowards

19 February 2018, 7 pm
Film screening and discussion with the directors Dalia Castel and Orit Nahmias (with Audio Recording of the discussion)

Who is carrying the Menorah?

8 February 2018, 6 pm
Talk by Steven Fine on Jewish Counter-Histories of the Arch of Titus Spoils Panel (with Audio Recording)

A girl in a kitchen apron kneading dough.

Three Loaves and One Hallelujah

8 February 2018, 11 am
For children aged 7 to 10 during the Berlin school holidays

Concert: A Prelude to the New Exhibition

6 December 2017, 8 pm
Jordi Savall with the Hespèrion Ensemble XXI and the Capella Reial de Catalunya

Jerusalem in Dialogue
(in German)

Two guides with personal connections to Jerusalem lead through the exhibition. Gain new perspectives in a unique tour.