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The Plesch Family Portrait: A Painting by Max Slevogt

From Our Holdings

In 1928, Max Slevogt (1868–1932) painted the Plesch family. On the left, we see the well-known doctor Janos Plesch (1878–1957) and in the middle, his wife Melanie surrounded by their three children: Andreas Odilo, on his mother's lap, Dagmar Honoria, at the bottom right, and Peter Hariolf.

Painting: Max Slevogt, The Plesch Family Portrait

Max Slevogt, Plesch Family Portrait; Jewish Museum Berlin, photo: Jens Ziehe

The Family and Their Painter

Janos Plesch left Budapest to settle in Berlin in 1903. There he met his wife Melanie, née Gans, whose family had co-founded the Casella dye factory in Frankfurt. The doctor had a longstanding friendship with Max Slevogt, one of German Impressionism's most important figures alongside Max Liebermann and Lovis Corinth. The artist painted his doctor as an elegant gentleman on a tall canvas in 1923, followed by paintings for their loggia and garden pavilion and finally, in 1928, the family portrait, which hung in the first-floor hall leading to the family's private rooms.

Intimate Yet Representative

Though Slevogt's composition follows the family-portrait tradition of the Biedermeier period, the painter achieved a synthesis unusual for a modern family portrait: the painting captures the intimacy of family life while fulfilling a group portrait's representative function. The success of the portrait lies perhaps in the fact that it grew out of a long friendship between artist and commissioner based on mutual trust and similar values.


In 1933, Janos Plesch lost his professorship at the Charité teaching hospital and the family fled to England via Switzerland. In Berlin, their secretary arrange for all their household possessions to be shipped to the United Kingdom. That is how this family portrait, too, was rescued.

The Painting's Return to Berlin

Back in 1986, their eldest son Peter Plesch donated his parents' considerable accumulation of possessions to what was then still the Jewish department of the Berlin Museum. Twenty years later, the Jewish Museum Berlin was able to acquire this painting from him.

Title Plesch Family Portrait
Artist Max Slevogt
Collection Fine Arts
Location and year of origin Berlin, 1928
Medium Oil on canvas
Dimensions 105 x 135,4 cm
Max Slevogt

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János Plesch

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Max Liebermann

Max Lieberman (b. 1847 in Berlin, d. 1935 in Berlin) was a German painter and graphic artist.

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Lovis Corinth

Lovis Corinth (b. 1858 in Tapiau, East Prussia, d. 1925 in Zandvoort, the Netherlands) was a painter and one of the most significant practitioners of German Impressionism.

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Berlin Museum

This museum of the city and cultural history existed from 1962 to 1995 and was located in the Kollegienhaus at Lindenstrasse 14, which is now part of the Jewish Museum Berlin.

Selected Objects: Fine Arts Collection (11)

Fine Arts Collection

Glance through our art holdings featuring modernist works by Max Liebermann and Lovis Corinth, and commercial graphic art by Louis Oppenheim. The motifs span from biblical and Jewish themes to intimate portraits and Felix Nussbaum’s haunting response to his experience of persecution.

Albertine Mendelssohn-Bartholdy as a Bride by August Theodor Kaselowsky

In this painting, Albertine Heine appears to be a Christian Madonna. She holds the ring near her heart, wearing a white dress with her gaze modestly lowered.

Biblical map of the Holy Land

This "New and Original Biblical Map of the Holy Land" from 1893 was probably never intended to be used by pilgrims or travelers on the ground.

Loneliness by Felix Nussbaum

Nussbaum is nearly unique among artists for his striking examination of his plight as one of the persecuted. He painted it in Brussels, where he was in hiding, in 1942.

The Plesch Family Portrait by Max Slevogt

Max Slevogt created this painting of his friend's family in 1928. It captures the intimacy of family life while fulfilling a group portrait's representative function.

Composition by Otto Freundlich

Otto Freundlich painted this abstract composition in 1938 – one year after another artwork of his had been branded "degenerate art" in Nazi Germany.

Moses Looks upon the Promised Land by Lesser Ury

For artist Lesser Ury, the painting marked the end of a lifelong preoccupation with the figure of Moses. Unfortunately, only a pastel sketch for the painting survives.

S. Adam Advertising Poster by Louis Oppenheim

With this poster by the well-known graphic artist Louis Oppenheim, the S. Adam clothing store advertised its products to male and female sports enthusiasts in 1908.

Passage through the Red Sea by Jakob Steinhardt

This woodcut by Jakob Steinhardt illustrates a 1920s Haggadah. The people barely escaped with their lives—as is revealed in the expression on Moses’ face.

Girl Walking by Elisabeth Wolff

The sculpture by Elisabeth Wolff was a trophy at the first sporting festival held by the Reich Committee for Jewish Youth Associations, in 1934. The artwork has only been entrusted to our collection for safekeeping.

Self-Portrait with Straw Hat by Max Liebermann

In this late self-portrait, the artist presents himself as bourgeois in a dark suit and a Panama hat. Two years after his eightieth birthday, he painted himself here with a touch of resignation and melancholy.

Petermannchen by Lovis Corinth

Lovis Corinth painted this portrait of his student and wife-to-be during a beach vacation on the Baltic coast. It contains a secret romantic message.